How to Assess Threats for Survival | Survival Blog

It is important when planning your bug out bag or evacuation route to take a realistic look at the threats present in your local environment. There are some easy, effective steps that anyone can take to do this. To start off with, you should take a look at the threats in your locality:

  1. Learn what disasters have occurred historically – have there been massive earthquakes or fires in your area? Have there been any terrorist attacks?
  2. Understand how local geography and climate may cause natural disasters – is your region prone to flooding or landslides?
  3. Review what weather related disasters have occurred – does your area receive frequent hurricanes or snowstorms?
  4. Know what man-made disasters may occur – is there a nuclear power plant or chemical facility nearby?

Once you know what has occurred historically, you can begin assessing the risk of perceived threats based on two factors:

  1. The probability of an event occurring
  2. The impact it would have if it did occur

The Probability of an Event Occurring During a Survival Situation

This is important to consider because you will need to focus your time and what resources you bring towards situations that are likely to occur. If you plan your bug out bag to account for every possible scenario not only will it be far too heavy to carry but you will have a huge number of survival items that you will need to sort through when you do actually need to implement one. Plan on addressing the highest probability problems first and then add what you can to address lower likelihood scenarios. A good place to start is with your basic survival needs and then what has happened most frequently according to your historical knowledge.

The Impact an Event Would Have if it Did Occur

This is the other element that is essential to consider when assessing the risk of threats. If something is going to have a low impact, like skinning your knee, you probably do not need to spend much time planning to avoid it. However, if an event will have a severe impact, such as serious injury or death, it will be something you should carefully prepare for and plan around. Identifying what treats would have a moderate to severe impact is an important step in identifying where your preparation efforts should be focused.

Putting the two together:

Combining probability of an event with its potential impact is the basis for assessing the risk level of all threats. If a threat is highly likely but will have negligible impact, you probably do not need to do much about it. If a threat is low probability but will have a major impact, like a meteor strike, you may want to do some preparation but not invest an enormous amount of time. What you want to do is make a list of all your perceived threats and then list out their relative probabilities and impacts. See what has a moderate to high probability along with a moderate to severe impact and start your survival planning around these possibilities. We have constructed the Threat Assessment Matrix below to help you with this process.


Keep this matrix handy when reviewing your perceived threats and when considering what to include in your survival kit. It may help you see your threats in a new light and perhaps let you leave behind some gear that is meant to address highly unlikely events.


As you can see, there are some simple steps you can take to assess threats in your life. With the use of the methodology explained here and the tools provided you will be well on your way to having a survival kit and plan that meet realistic threats in your life.

Author Bio:

Chris is a lifelong outdoorsman and has been interested in survival tactics and practices for many years. He currently helps people prepare for unforeseen disasters at The Bug Out Bag Guide. For more information please visit:

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Guest Blog Post from Fight or Flight Survival: “Survival of the Fittest”

I’m sure you’ve heard it before. People have been saying as much for many years in different ways and situations. Be smarter; be quicker; be better. The United States Army: Be All You Can Be. From the historically famous Charles Darwin to modern rap artist Eminem, this particular phrase has been made popular over and over again. It’s easy to understand why this is considered true “wisdom” – we’re conceited.

That’s understandable as well. We’ve come a long way from fire, the wheel, and sliced bread. But don’t think that just because we can communicate with each other via touch-screen wristwatches and fly a plane while sleeping, that we are hard-wired to respond to any situation the smartest way. That, like many things, takes practice.

You might have noticed the title of this article: Your OTHER Toolbox. I don’t know about you in particular, but I have a toolbox for my house. There are the basics: a hammer and nails, screwdrivers and screws, a saw, flashlight, a level, and maybe I didn’t lose my pliers. The toolbox for my car has wrenches, a flashlight, a magnet stick, a wire-stripper, and extra fuses (among other things). These tools will help me get certain jobs done. What you keep for emergencies should do the same.

Got a survival toolbox? It is usually referred to as a bug-out bag, get-home bag or something similar. Many of even the newest preppers have the basics like extra clothes, maps, and the means to eat and drink after the corner store is closed for eternity (or just until the zombies are under control). Definitely have the appropriate “tools” for survival (like these).

Now, what are your skills? What have you learned over the years? Do you know how to use what you will be lugging around? Because if you don’t, then just drop the useless weight and carry more water. Better yet, LEARN. You need to know about food (check this article by your very own Andrew here at Can you hunt? Fish? I can’t cook a gourmet meal but I do know how to field dress game and burn some meat. How will you provide shelter from the elements? You don’t need much to do it, but I recommend at least learning multiple knots to help get the job done. Do you know how to read maps? Can you figure out what kind of weather to expect by looking at the sky? Most importantly, do you have a plan? Make three. Then figure out how to put a plan into motion and when to switch plans. THEN PRACTICE DOING IT. Then make more plans.

Something else that will be very necessary is security. OK, so you got yourself a gun. Or even three. (Don’t have a gun? Get one here.) Besides aiming at a paper target at the range, have you practiced carrying it? How much ammo can you comfortably carry? It’s not lightweight. How quickly do your arms get tired? Can you shoot with either hand? Either eye? Can you shoot while lying on the floor? On your back? What if the target is moving? What if the target is shooting back at you?

Now: what happens when all of the ammo is gone? How many different weapons can you defend yourself with? What if there are no weapons? You must be able to use yourself. Do research. There are MANY videos on YouTube that teach self-defense. If you are not sure about getting into a class yet, start by checking them out here. Be smart, because you could hurt yourself, and that defeats the whole purpose. If you are not ready for this step, then at least get active. Get some cardio every day. Try lifting weights (or soup cans and sacks of flour). Do some push-ups, jumping jacks, and planks. At the very least, you’ll be able to run faster and farther. Of course, you should consult a physician before starting a new exercise program – especially while there are still physicians available! Because even though you can’t kick-box a bullet, self-defense training is a really good idea.

Now, put all that knowledge and experience into your OTHER toolbox. Survival of the fittest – remember? Good to go.

Author: Sandy from Fight or Flight Survival
Sandy is an amateur survivalist helping people find the information they need to be better preppers. See the website for more blogs and links.

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BulletSafe Bullet Proof Vest Review (Bullet Proof Vest VS Propane Tank)

We were sent a free bullet proof vest from Results below – inconclusive.

Posted in Survival Gear, Survivalist Preparation, TEOTWAWKI | 1 Comment

Zombies: Why They Won’t Be the Undead (yet)



Wal-Mart EBT Food Stamp Glitch – Zombies Created

Did you hear about the recent EBT (food stamp) glitch? Basically, the EBT system broke this weekend. The break was simple but devastating – the EBT cards no longer had spending limits.

Although it only lasted for a few hours, news about the spending limit being erased broke out quickly.  EBT card holders rushed to Wal-Mart in droves and went on a shopping spree.

In just a few hours, the Wal-Mart Shelves were completely barren.

Bare shelves in Wal-mart

Bare shelves in Wal-mart

Why is SurvivalBlog Talking About Walmart?

The EBT situation over the weekend wasn’t a panic-buy situation – it was a situation where EBT holders decided to take advantage of the Food Stamps program and spend over their limits.

Here’s why SurvivalBlog is writing about the Wal-Mart EBT situation.

I don’t believe in the traditional “zombie” – walking dead, biting you and spreading disease, etc.  What I believe is that people who do not prepare for a long term, off-grid survival situation will become zombies.

As the upcoming potential for a government shutdown looms, I can’t help but think – what if the United States no longer had the money to provide funds for the food stamp program?

There would be millions of people angry, hungry, scared, and panicking.  There would be rioting, looting, home invasions, rape, murder, and other general civil unrest.  It would be the exact same as Hurricane Katrina all over the United States.

People who are not prepared for a long term survival situation will become zombies.

People who are not prepared for a long term survival situation will become zombies.

People Who Do Not Prepare for Long-Term Survival Will Become Zombies

People who do not store enough essential items to continue theirs and their family’s survival will be faced with two choices:

  • Do nothing and die
  • Take what they need from others

It’s Time to Up You Prepping Habits Now

The time has come.  If you’re a “hobby prepper”, it’s time to take preparation more seriously.

Here are the basics when it comes to prepping:

  • Water
  • Food
  • Shelter
  • Security

We recommend storing at least 2500 calories per person per day, and stock piling enough food for between 6 months to a year’s worth of time.  6 months to a year after a grid down situation, here’s what to expect:

  • Militias and gangs will have organized together
  • There will be ordered chaos, conflicts between territorial disputes
  • There will continue to be rape, murder, and other terrible crimes being committed, although there will most likely be some sort of justice system as well
  • Trade will commence – not with the US dollar, but most likely with a barter situation

Want to Survive? Gain a Skill

If you want to survive in TEOTWAWKI (the end of the world as we know it), you need a skill.  It’s not enough to say, “I have guns and I know how to live off the land.”  You need to bring something of value to the table.

Here are some essential items that all organized communities will need in a grid-down situation:

  • Health care (paramedic, EMT, nurse, doctor, etc)
  • Security (law enforcement, military, prison security)
  • Food (cooks, farmers, etc)
  • Communication (Ham radio operators with equipment that is in good working condition, and who have the ability to communicate with that equipment)
  • Skilled trades (carpentry, blacksmiths, farriers, etc)

What Can I Do Now to Prepare Myself and Family?

Have a plan.

Come up with a plan of action for a grid-down situation, which includes:

  • Will you bug out or stay put?
  • What will you eat?
  • How will you get water?
  • How will you protect your family from zombies?
  • Who will be surviving with you?

Leave a Comment Below and Let Us Know What Your Plan Is 

Posted in Survival, Survivalist Preparation, Zombies | 2 Comments

The Top 5 Carry Revolvers for Concealed Carry

We got tired of all the normal and boring videos on YouTube, so we created our own rendition trying to be informative and fun at the same time.

Posted in Firearms | 1 Comment

Gnarliest AR15 Torture Test: DPMS AR15 VS ABUSE

Check out this gnarlie AR15 torture test we created over the weekend. You’re going to love it!

Remember to subscribe to our YouTube channel and THUMBS UP the video!

Posted in AR-15, SHTF, Survival Gear, TEOTWAWKI | 1 Comment

Sar Arms B6p 9MM Review

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So I recently picked up one of those Sar Arms B6P 9MM that I’ve been hearing about – and I have to tell you, it’s great. When I first saw it with my friends over at Citrus CCW in Florida, I wasn’t too sure about it.  It looked weird – unlike any gun I’ve ever seen before.

When I picked up my new B6P, I was even more worried.  Did I make a good purchase? But then I brought it to the range – and I cannot be happier.

While I wouldn’t carry this gun daily, I would absolutely recommend adding a Sar Arms B6P to your bug out bag.  Here’s why:

  • This 9mm is durable, lightweight, and ergonomically sound (fits my hand perfectly
  • Is super affordable for a 9mm
  • Has been torture tested by me and others – and always comes out on top

This is the perfect gun for your bug out bag or to bury in a secret cache until the day comes when its needed.

Here’s a picture of the B6P 9MM:

Sar Arms B6P

Sar Arms B6P 9MM – my new favorite handgun for under $350 bucks

The single action trigger on this gun has an excellent feel which makes it super accurate.  The only weird part about the B6P is that the frame comes up higher on the slide than on most guns – but I’ve come to love that feature because it really helps keep the gun lighter.

The double action is a bit stiff at first, but then it breaks right in.

Sar Arms is a company out of Turkey, but its imported from a company called EAA from Rockledge, Florida.  EAA imports quite a few guns.

The Sar B6P is very similar to a CZ75 gun – which is a great design.  It has a polymer frame, which keeps it light, and like I said before, the slide rides right inside the frame which keeps it balanced and helps with recoil.


The particular B6P that I purchased does not have adjustable sights, and the manual safety does not have a manual de-cocker on it.

This gun does have the option to have the B6P hammer in a half-cocked position – and that’s the position I would carry this gun with.

The tear down on this gun is pretty simple as well!

Bottom line: Buy a B6P for your bug out bag or your buried cache – its a perfect gun for both of those uses.

Posted in Bug out Bag, Bugging Out, Firearms | 30 Comments

The Basics of Your Ideal Bug Out Bag

The Basics of Your Ideal Bug Out Bag

Your bug out bag will be your go-to emergency bag that is designed to allow you to grab-and-go so you can get out of emergency situations and survive with nothing else except for what is in your bag for at least 72 hours. You can plan your bug out bag to help you sustain for longer than that but there is always a limit to what you might be able to carry on your back.

A lot of the basic items in the bug out bag correspond to what psychologist Abraham Maslow proposed in the Maslow hierarchy of needs. These parallel items being food, water, clothing and safety. Although historians don’t know Maslow to be a survivalist or a frequent reader of our survivalist blog, we do know he was before his time in acknowledging basic human needs.

For your ideal bug out bag, our task will be to help you do the same. The following items are what you should consider packing into your bug out bag to help you get by with the most basic of human survival needs.


Water, like food, is one of the most basic survival commodities. If you are assuming that your bag will cover you for three days, you should have at least three liters of water in your bag. You have to think that you might be on the move during your bug out so hydration will be key.

A good water purification system will also be important beyond the first three days. You can boil water to purify it or you can pick up some iodine tablets as well as a water filter at your local outdoor store.


Surviving for a few days on the food you pack in your bag can be challenging. That is why it is recommended that you invest in some backpack meals and energy bars. Backpack meals just require some boiling water and provide an adequate amount of nutrients and carbs to help you get along. In addition, they are light weight and don’t take up a ton of space in your bag.


What you wear can also have an impact on the quality of your expedition. What you pack will depend on where you live. If you live in colder climates you should pack accordingly. If not, you do not really need long johns or gloves. A good pair of boots is always a plus, as are a few pairs of socks, a couple of shirts, underwear and a hat to protect you from the sun.


Safety items can be interpreted as injury prevention or reaction and protection. For injuries, a first aid kit is a must. The contents of a first aid kit are deserving of their own survival blog post, and it’s a good thing for you that we covered the Survivalist First-Aid Kit already.

What about self-protection? If you are in a true SHTF situation, you might be living in a time where there are no rules. Being armed with some type of protection will be your best defense against the unknown. For this aspect of your bag, a handgun is recommended (check out our online gun store), as is a survival knife.

Other Essentials

Beyond the basics of food, water, and safety, there is also some basic gear that will make your bag good to go.

Fire– There are a lot of ways to make a fire and you just need to know one. Get yourself some good waterproof matches as well as a lighter as you may be spending some nights out on the town.

Cookware– As you may need something to purify your water in as well as to cook your backpack meals in, a small pot that you can place over the fire will be key to your ability to eat and drink.

Lights– Flashlights and batteries will prove useful at night.

Knife– We mentioned this already but a knife is not just for safety, you will most likely be using it for food, building shelter, or a dozen of other factors where a good survival knife is needed.

Just the Basics

As you can see, the items in your bug out bag can go on and on. This is why we dubbed this a “basic” list. As you learn more about what your survival means to you and the challenges you may be faced with you will have a better idea of what items you really need.



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The Basics of Your Ideal Bug Out Bag

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The following items are what you should consider packing into your bug out bag to help you get by with the most basic of accessories.


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Important Bug Out Bag Considerations

Important Bug Out Bag Considerations

Most survival blogs talk about bug out bags and all the potential items that you need to pack inside them. While there are always things that we need to pack, it is still astonishing to see that these survival blogs don’t ask the readers to consider what exactly they will be using their bug out bag for. This is a very important consideration and one that we will address here.

What Contents Go In My Bug Out Bag?

Is the phrase ‘everything but the kitchen sink’ too broad for you? It should be because that is what most survivalist blogs preach which ends up getting people into trouble. Your bag need not contain everything you need to cover every conceivable scenario or need. Plus you have to consider that all these “needs” might end up weighing more than you may be able to carry. If your bug out bag is designed to keep you alive for 72 or so hours its contents should really depend on where you think you are going. The bug out is not a vacation, and packing all of life’s little luxuries should not be part of the bag.

Ask Yourself Where You Are Going

This is an often overlooked question and adheres to having a bug out plan. Do you fear a government takeover, a zombie apocalypse, natural disaster, WWIII? Where will you be going if the above situations happen? Will you be running into the woods on-foot and camping out there? Will you be running to some unknown destination and camping out in the streets? If you were preparing for a potential life-threating situation you might substitute your roll-up bedding for more ammo. Or, if you were just getting out of town because you feared disease in the city, you might be better to pack for the woods.

While yes, it is true that your bug out bag can be the ‘prepare for the unknown bag’ there are still some scenarios that may be more common than others and should be reflected in the gear that goes in your bag.

Just remember, the three basic necessities that you will need to address are food, water and shelter. You can very well wear the same shirt for days on the end so I disagree with those who say clothing is a major priority. Then again, if you live in Alaska clothing may be the most important thing to you should you decide to go into the bush.

Packing Smart

Your bug out bag is designed to help you survive for an unforeseen amount of time. Think smart about the supplies that will go in there. The food and water should be addressed first, as should the consideration of where you will be sleeping and how you will need to prepare for that. Add the first aid kit and a good survival knife in there and you have most of your true basics covered. If you foresee that you might spend a great deal of time carrying your bag, you might think twice about making it 75-pounds.

Always remember that your bug out bag is first there to help you in a situation where you need to move, fast. After you have satisfied your need to eat and drink water, finding a place to rest your head will follow suit. The process of bugging out is not generally associated with comfort and joy, nor is it associated with having the luxury of going to a safer town in your car. In addition to food, water and shelter, mobilization should also be paramount.

Posted in Bugging Out, Survival Gear, Survivalist Preparation | 2 Comments

The Versatility of the AR15

The Versatility of the AR15

When talk of guns comes up, there is always someone who mentions the AR15. For those who are heavily influenced by the media and are unfamiliar with the firearm, understanding why anyone could want or need an AR15 is beyond them. For people like you and me who are familiar with firearm safety, we understand that this gun is an awesome piece to have in our collection. On this survival blog, we often talk about the characteristics of a firearm as they relate to self-defense or protection (and we will get to that), but we will also consider some of the other reasons why having an AR15 is so cool.

Good Starting Rifle

The AR15 has been proven to be very reliable in addition to having straightforward controls. For a newbie, the low recoil and easy operation make it a good gun to learn about the fundamentals of safety and shooting. Once the safety fundamentals have been driven home, it’s as simple as having the shooter manipulate the safety, get the target in the sights, focus on the trigger and shoot.

Training and Competition

If you do any rifle or carbine training, the AR15 is a great gun to have in your repertoire. It is versatile enough for short or long range shooting, can be configured and adapted to the needs of the shooter, and can be accessorized with sights, optics, forward grips, tactical flashlights or laser pointers.

For the same reasons mentioned above, the AR15 is also a great firearm to have for all levels of competition shooting. Even the most entry-level AR15 will provide a great firearm to get into the sport.


The standard chambering of an AR15 (5.56/.223) makes it an ideal gun for ridding your ranch or farmland of smaller varmints. If you need a great remedy for things like foxes, coyotes, ground hogs or other small game, the AR15 is a great firearm for that. If you want to use it to hunt bigger game, the ability to upgrade to varying caliber conversions is also available. The AR15 makes it easy to change out your 5.56/.223 chamber into a 6.5 Grendel (.264), .300 AAC, .300 Blackout or a 6.8sps (.277). Upgrading to these bigger calibers can allow you to hunt bigger game legally.

To purchase your own AR15, make sure you check out Florida Gun Supply!

Self Defense

The AR15 is used by the military and by proud home owners for a few reasons. For starters, the firearm is shorter and lighter than most shotguns and rifles. This makes it easier to maneuver and makes it easier to be mobile with the weapon than a larger, heavier shotgun or rifle. Also, the AR15’s with low recoiling 5.56/.223 rounds are easier to shoot, meaning the fairer sex or smaller shooters can handle one without having to worry about getting physically beat up by the gun.

Final Thoughts

With all the advantages of the AR15 it is easy to see why almost every gun owner in America, survival blog, and shooting enthusiast all preach the appeal of the gun. Beyond self-defense, you now have plenty of other reasons to go out and get one as you know understand what makes this such a great, versatile gun to own.

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